For agriculture, nitrogen deficiency is one of the most critical problems. Nitrogen is one of the most essential elements responsible for every plant's growth. Although 78% of the atmosphere consists of this element, plants cannot consume it in gaseous form and must capture nitrogen from the soil. The widespread use of artificial fertilizers does not fully solve the problems related to energy transformation and reducing greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. As it is known, artificial fertilizers are mainly based on using natural gas as a raw material, and the production process itself is a high-emission operation. Improper use of fertilizers can also cause much ecological damage. Parallel to improving soil quality through artificial fertilizers, nature has also offered a natural solution to this problem. Biological nitrogen fixation is a natural process by which bacteria and trees with nodules in their root systems can convert the gas into a form other plants can use. Only a limited number of plants in nature have this ability. The natural regeneration of arid and degraded lands is one of KESSLER's main areas of activity, along with the production of advanced low-carbon feedstock for the biofuels and energy industry. As our company's policy is focused on the sustainable use of land and the restoration of its agricultural value, this area has become one of the main priorities of our activities and research programs. The Pongamia tree is known to have properties for the nitrogen fixation process, but the main questions were which genetic variety was the most appropriate and which genetic type would prove to be best for a desert climate and severely degraded land. There are wide genetic varieties of the Pongamia tree, and it is worth mentioning that the products of this tree (mainly oil) differ diametrically from each other (one cannot use a uniform quality standard for each variety). Likewise, only a few genetic types can tolerate desert and degraded land conditions. One of the research programs on the elite varieties of the Pongamia tree, owned by KESSLER & ARO ( The state of Israel), was a research program carried out on three different types of soil:
Barren soil from the Negev desert
Soil from central Israel (Mediterranean)
High-mineral soil used in producing seedlings
This set of tests is another milestone that KESSLER has achieved, and it is safe to say that our many years of hard work have brought us great results, confirming that the Smart Carbon Plantation model is a perfect solution for reconstructing agriculture on barren lands and an ideal natural way to recultivate land and produce the highest quality low-carbon renewable feedstock for the industry.
We invite the fuel and energy companies and the food and agriculture companies to join us in our pursuit of sustainable land use and the transformation of agriculture through bio-regeneration, and to collaborate, constructing a lasting positive impact on our environment, economy, society, and planet's future.